The Water Level Test (WLT), which was invented by Piaget and Inhelder in the 1950s, is one test that is used to determine people’s spatial skills. Spatial abilities are very important in the geosciences in practices like finding the strike and dip of strata and reading topographic maps. Some people are better with some spatial tasks and thus are able to succeed at higher rates in areas like the geosciences. Luckily, research suggests that with practice and training people may be able to improve their spatial capabilities. One possibility for training these skills is by using virtual reality (VR) modules. Dr. Katy Johanesen has been working to produce a VR module to help train spatial perception, the skill tested in the WLT. The module’s success will then be determined using a test created to assess the effects of the VR when used to train spatial perception in students. This will be a pre and post-test designed to test initial spatial perception skills. These tests will be administered to two groups of students, one group who will be training on the VR module and one control group, who will not be training on the VR. If successful, the ability to train spatial skills using VR could open doors into areas like the geosciences for people who typically may not succeed due to undeveloped spatial skills.
During this year I stumbled across a very terrifying statistic that a 2020 study from the Center for Strategic and International Studies had done. They reported that over 25 years of domestic terrorism most of those attacks were carried out or planned by right-wing extremists. This group was responsible for 66% of attacks and plots in 2019 and a staggering 90% in 2020. I wanted to understand that when thru the decades did right-wing extremist begin to commit terrorism more frequently. So, I decided to look at the timeline starting in the 1970's till the present. What, during this timeline, was the motivating factor, was it an event or a person, and when during the 70's to the present did this happen?
As the world moves to Industry 4.0, Augmented Reality (AR) applications will move to the forefront of the way people work, shop, and play. In accordance with that, applications like Siemens Teamcenter Visualization that are currently used to review product designs and model factory floors will need to be updated to provide that AR functionality. First, I create an Android AR app that can stream data from a Teamcenter Visualization instance running on a desktop to an Android phone. Next, I investigate the other plausible route for an AR upgrade to Teamcenter Visualization -a web app utilizing Siemens PLM VisWeb. Finally, I compare the two based on usability, accessibility, ease of development, and performance metrics. Ultimately, I provide guidance as to whether the mobile or web platform is currently the most suited to AR development
Not all colleges and universities have the privelege of being named a Tree Campus USA. Juniata is hoping to add itself to the list. Tree Campus USA is a distinction roughly 300 schools have that recongize their committment to sustainably managing their campus trees and educating the community. In order to apply, we had to draft a tree care plan and plan tree plantings on and around campus. We hope that with the distinction, we can foster a future of increased tree care and connection to campus trees and better green the campus.
Schiff based organometallic compounds have been shown to have promising biological applications in medicine such as anti-fungal and cancer fighting properties. These Schiff based complexes were derived from common amino acids, various metal salts, primarily copper(II) chloride and copper(II) acetate and 2-pyridinecarboxaldehyde N-oxide. The complexes being explored were already produced by Adrian Humboldt. However, the effectiveness of his syntheses will be analyzed in more detail. The products of the template syntheses will be characterized using infrared spectroscopy and single crystal X-ray analysis.
The internet and social media have allowed people to access large quantities of information easily. Instead of using it to look into different views, people have used it to filter opposing views and find information that reinforces their beliefs. The internet, new types of media like talk radio and social media have allowed for more extreme voices to be heard and make an impact on society, which means politicians are more likely to focus on what these extreme voices are saying. This paper will focus on how right-wing extremism has become an increasingly dangerous threat with the rise of social media and the internet, the types of extremist figures and groups on social media, who is most likely to be radicalized, possible solutions to prevent extremism, the history of polarization as well as the history of right-wing extremism and its underestimated impact throughout U.S. history, which allowed social media and the internet to spread extremist content. There are certainly examples of left-wing extremism, but this paper will focus on right-wing extremism because of its breadth and its organization. The main research question of this paper is if social media has made right wing extremism worse or has it simply amplified voices and opinions that have long existed among the right-wing. Extremism is defined as “the fact of someone having beliefs that most people think are unreasonable and unacceptable” (Cambridge).
Voting for a candidate goes beyond political affiliation. There have been several studies on how personality affects how people vote for their candidates. Whether it is the personality of the candidate or the personality of the voter themselves, personality plays a large role in how voters vote.